Asthma Pathophysiology

There are many different triggers for asthma attacks, especially in persons who have sensitive airways.

Asthma Triggers

The following are links with information about asthma.

American Lung Association


If you think you may have the signs or symptoms of asthma and would like to be evaluated, please do not hesitate to call our office to set up an evaluation with Dr Giaimo.

Asthma is a disease that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. Asthma is caused by inflammation in the airways. When an asthma attack occurs, the lining of the air passages swells and the muscles surrounding the airways become tight. This reduces the amount of air that can pass through the airway.

Asthma attacks can last for minutes to days, and can become dangerous if the airflow is severely blocked.

Symptoms include:

  • Cough with or without sputum production
  • Pulling in the skin between the ribs when breathing
  • Shortness of breath that gets worse with activity or exercise

Emergency Symptoms that need prompt medical help:

  • Bluish color to the lips and face
  • Decreased level of alertness, such as drowsiness or confusion, during an asthma attack
  • Extreme difficulty breathing
  • Rapid pulse
  • Severe anxiety due to shortness of breath
  • Sweating